Europe’s cultural heritage is one of the key creators of tourism in Europe. Cultural tourism is believed to account for around 40% of the total number of tourists visiting Europe. Europe’s cultural tourism is also an important means of promoting Europe’s image in the world, promoting its diverse values, which are the result of centuries of cultural exchange, linguistic diversity and creativity.
People visiting Europe believe that this is their best chance to experience transnational cultural tourism. Each product of transnational cultural tourism will present Europe as a zenith of preserved heritage and authentic cultural experiences. In 1990 the European Commission nominated as the main factor in the development of tourism in Europe. Since then, the European Association for Education for Tourism and Recreation (ATLAS) has been carrying out various studies on transnational cultural tourism with a view to its development.
An OECD report published in 2009 concludes that cultural tourism is driven by the following factors
Valorisation and protection of heritage
Economic development and employment
Physical and economic regeneration
Strengthening and/or diversification of tourism
Developing cultural understanding
With the growing demand for cultural tourism, the European Union has also recognised the need to offer a variety of cultural attractions and revitalise their cultural heritage for commercialization Individual countries have started to face the competition of developing a cultural tourism indicator in a given country. Cultural tourism is not only a destination but also a journey itself, a journey of discovery and self-fulfillment
Culturally rich places in the European Union
Reasons why cultural tourism is resilient because the motives vary widely. Some tourists are looking for spirituality and others for creativity. Regardless of cultural motives, some places in Europe are a must because they teach people about the size of their ancestors and their tactful way of life.
St. Peter’s Basilica.
This late-Renaissance church stands as a focal point for Catholics from every corner of the world. The place where the church is located, the Vatican Hill is the place where he died and was buried in 64 AD. St. Peter, Chief Apostle. St. Peter is considered to be the first pope, so the construction of the main sanctuary of the Catholic church in this place has been explained. Every painting and sculpture in the church is a real feast for the eyes. This place attracts tourists who want to study art and architecture as part of their journey.
The Colosseum stands in Rome as the greatest architectural achievement of the Romans. The amphitheatre, which used to hold more than 50,000 spectators, was the city’s centre for public entertainment. It was used to stage gladiatorial battles, mythological dramas, battles between animals and even executions. The most striking feature of this magnum opus is his engineering work, which could be compared to temporary techniques. The amphitheater is an independent subject of study of various cultural aspects of the Romans.
Cloning facilities in Europe
In the 10th century, Cluny was the centre of the monastery reform and gradually transformed into a church. The work of this church later led to the renewal of the medieval world by spreading Christianity, rethinking social relations and organizing space for an ideal society. Different architectural styles, unique harmonious shape, sculptures and paintings from those places of Clunaic that are distributed throughout Western Europe contribute to the magnificent heritage handed down by the monks to future generations.
Cultural tourism is defined as a type of tourism that concerns the culture of a region or country, especially in art. It focuses primarily on traditional communities that have different customs, as well as on forms of art and distinct social practices that distinguish a culture from others.
This would include tourism in urban areas and even in historic and large cities, including facilities such as theatres and museums. This also includes rural areas that present the traditions of indigenous cultural communities, such as festivals and rituals, as well as their personal values and lifestyles. In general, these tourists spend more than ordinary tourists because they usually have a programme under which they travel to cultural and historical sites, as well as living with their families for a certain period of time and even learn a language. This type of travel is becoming more and more popular in Europe.
Another closely related type is cultural heritage tourism, which is a branch aimed at understanding the heritage of a particular area or region. This is necessary for various reasons. It has a positive economic and social impact.